Southeast University press Xie Xuping 2010-7-1
Foreign languages, English Academic Writing, Other,
Language is the tool of social combination.Social linguistics, a basic understanding of linguistic phenomenon is the variability of language.The book focuses on the relationship between language and society, language and culture, language and style, language and communication, language and context; to observe the characteristics of English from the perspective of sociolinguistics; to help English learners to understand in the cross-cultural communication knowledge, master English skills, guiding English practice.This book can be used as a English major undergraduate and graduate students, is also suitable for English learners and English lovers, but also have a high reference value for English teachers and English workers.
1 An Introduction to Sociolinguistics 1.1 What is Sociolinguistics? 1.2 History of Sociolinguistics in the West 1.3 Language and Society 1.3.1 Language as Social Behavior 1.3.2 Language as a Communicative Means 1.3.3 Language as an Information System 1.4 Sociolinguistics and English Learning 1.5 Summary2 Language Change 2.1 Introduction 2.1.1 Linguistic Item 2.1.2 Variety 2.1.3 Linguistic Variable 2.1.4 Speech Community 2.1.5 Networks and Repertoires 2.2 Forms of Language Change 2.2.1 Phonological Change 2.2.2 Morphological Changes 2.2.3 Lexical Semantic Change 2.2.4 Grammatical Change 2.3 Nature of Change 2.3.1 Internal and External Change 2.3.2 Family Tree 2.3.3 Wave Diffusion2.4 Factors of Change 2.4.1 Imitation of the Prestigious 2.4.2 Slang and Dialects 2.4.3 Simplification 2.4.4 Politeness 2.4.5 Stratum Terms 2.5 General Conclusions3 Language Variety Space 3.1 Language and Dialect 3.1.1 DialecteAnd Patois 3.1.2 Size and Prestige 3.1.3 Social and Political Factors 3.1.4 Dialect and Intelligibility 3.2 Standard Languages 3.2.1 Standardization 3.2.2 Historicity and Vitality 3.2.3 Autonomy and Acceptance 3.2.4 Reduction and Mixture 3.3 Pidgin and Creole 3.3.1 Lingua Francas 3.3.2 Pidgins 3.3.3 Creoles 3.3.4 Theories of Origin 3.4 Language Loss and Revival 3.5 General Conclusions4 Language and Gender 4.1 Male/Female Language 4.1.1 Male/Female Lexical Forms 4.1.2 Male/Female Language Differences 4.2 Sexism in Languages 4.2.1 Marked and Unmarked Terms 4.2.2 Female Vocabulary 4.2.3 Sexist Language 4.3
Sex Differences and Possible Reasons 4.3.1 Social Division of Labour 4.3.2 Social Prejudice 4.3.3 Power and Control 4.3.4 Role Relations 4.4 Language Bias in English 4.5 General Conclusion5 Varieties in the English World 5.1 English and Social Class 5.1.1 Class and Status 5.1.2 Social Class and Language Variation 5.1.3 Social Status and 'Prestige\' Norms 5.2 Black English in America 5.2.1 Characteristics of Black English 5.2.2 Three Views on Black English 5.3 American English 5.3.1 History of American English 5.3.2 Characteristics of American English 5.3.3 American English and British English 5.4 Good English and Bad English 5.5 Summary6 Language and Context 6.1 Context Views 6.2 Linguistic Context 6.2.1 Conceptual Meaning 6.2.2 Grammatical Meaning 6.2.3 Topic Meaning 6.2.4 Collocative Meaning6.3 Non-linguistic Context 6.3.1 Cultural Meaning 6.3.2 Stylistic Meaning 6.3.3 Status Meaning 6.3.4 Temporal andSpatial Meaning6.4 Style of English in Application 6.4.1 Style 6.4.2 English in Advertisements 6.4.3 Features in Political English 6.5 Register 6.5.1 Context and Register 6.5.2 Features of Register 6.6 Summary7 Cultural Variety of Language 7.1 Language and Culture 7.2 Linguistic and Cultural Relativity 7.2.1 The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis 7.2.2 Reaction to Linguistic and Cultural Relativity 7.3 Address Forms and Culture 7.3.1 Kinship Term and Kinship System 7.3.2 Social Address 7.4 Jargon, Taboo & Euphemism 7.4.1 Jargon 7.4.2 Taboo 7.4.3 Euphemism8 Language Contact 8.1 Diglossia 8.1.1 Definitions of Diglossia 8.1.2 Features of Diglossia 8.1.3 Extended Meanings of Diglossia 8.2 Bilinguals & Bilingualism 8.2.1 Descriptive Analysis of Bilingualism 8.2.2 Bilingual Competence 8.3 Code Choosing and Code Switching 8.3.1 Code Switching 8.3.2 Code-Mixing 8.3.3 Attitudes to Cod
E Switching and Code Mixing 8.4 Concluding Remarks9 Configurations of Language 9.1 Spoken and Written Language 9.2 Differences and Similarities Between the Two Modalities 9.3 Continua from Written to Spoken 9.4 Variation Across Speech and Writing 9.5 Literacy and Literacies 9.6 General Conclusions10 Communicative Use of Language 10.1 Ethnography of Speaking 10.1.1 Descriptive Analysis of Speaking 10.1.2 The Norms Governing Speech 10.2 Speech Acts and the Cooperative Principle 10.2.1 Properties of Speech Acts 10.2.2 Indirect Speech Acts 10.2.3 Conversational Maxims 10.3 Conversational Structure and Strategies 10.3.1 Adjacency Pairs 10.3.2 Turn-taking 10.3.3 Openings, Topics and Closings 10.4 Face and Politeness 10.4.1 The Face Theory 10.4.2 Politeness Principle 10.5 Concluding RemarksBibliography
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